Mrs. Nguyen Thi Nghia was a teacher of biology at Quang Trach I High School. Later, she was promoted to vice-president of the school and then deputy director of the Department of Education and Training in Quang Binh province.
From 2001 to 2009, she was the Director of Quang Binh Department of Education and Training.
In June 2009, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung appointed her, the Director of the Department of Education and Training of Quang Binh Province, as Vice Minister of Education and Training.
In 2017, she was the Vice President of the State Council to award the title of "Teacher of the People", "Teacher of Excellence" 14th.